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Srpska ćirilica - The Serbian Cyrillic script

Updated: Dec 7, 2023

Ćirilica je nastala veoma rano – najverovatnije krajem 9. ili početkom 10. veka. Njeni tvorci su učenici (ili učenik) Ćirila i Metodija. Ćirilica je u srpskom jeziku više puta menjana i reformisana. Svoj konačni oblik dobila je zahvaljujući Vuku Stefanoviću Karadžiću u 19. veku. U Republici Srbiji ćirilično pismo je u službenoj upotrebi. The Cyrillic script was created very early – probably at the end of the 9th or the beginning of the 10th century. The creators of the Cyrillic are disciples (or disciple) of Saint Cyril and Methodius.

The Cyrillic was changed and reformed several times. It got its final shape (in Serbian language) thanks to Vuk Stefanović Karadžić in the 19th century.

In the Republic of Serbia, Serbian Cyrillic is in official use.


Srpska Ćirilica - The Serbian Cyrillic script
Ćirilica - The Cyrillic script

Srpska ćirilica, često poznata i kao azbuka, ima duboko ukorenjeno mesto u istoriji i kulturi srpskog naroda. Tokom vekova, srpska ćirilica je evoluirala, postala osnova za pisanje srpskog jezika i zvanično usvojena 1868. godine. Ovo pismo je ne samo sredstvo komunikacije, već nosi i emotivnu vrednost, simbolizujući duboko ukorenjen odnos Srba prema istoriji i jeziku. I danas, srpska ćirilica ostaje vitalna, koristeći se u zvaničnim dokumentima, književnosti i umetnosti, čuvajući svoju autentičnost i doprinoseći očuvanju bogatstva srpske kulturne baštine. Njen kontinuitet svedoči o izdržljivosti ovog pisma kroz različite istorijske periode, odražavajući njegovu važnost i trajnu vezu sa srpskim identitetom.

Specifičan je princip da svako slovo označava po jedan glas. Kao reformator, Vuk je zahtevao da književni jezik bude jezik običnog naroda, onaj kojim su tada govorili srpski seljaci, orači i pastiri, a kojim je i sam Vuk govorio i pisao.

Srpska ćirilica ima trideset slova.

Ćirilički grafijski sistem naziva se azbuka, koju čine sledeća slova (poređana po utvrđenom, standardnom redosledu): Аа, Б6, Вв, Гг, Дд, Ђђ, Ее, Жж, 3з, Ии, Јj, Кк, Љљ, Мм, Нн, Њњ, Оо, Пп, Рр, Сс, Тт, Ћћ, Уу, Фф, Хх, Цц, Чч, Џџ, Шш.

The Serbian Cyrillic alphabet, often known as 'azbuka', has a deeply rooted place in the history and culture of the Serbian people. Over the centuries, the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet evolved, became the basis for writing the Serbian language, and was officially adopted in 1868. This letter is not only a means of communication but also carries an emotional value, symbolizing the deep-rooted relationship of Serbs to history and language. Even today, the Serbian Cyrillic script remains vital, being used in official documents, literature, and art, preserving its authenticity and contributing to the preservation of the richness of Serbian cultural heritage. Its continuity testifies to the durability of this letter through different historical periods, reflecting its importance and permanent connection with Serbian identity.

It has a specific principle that each letter stands for one sound. As a reformer, Vuk Stefanović Karadžić demanded that the literary language be the language of the ordinary people, the one which was then spoken by the Serbian peasants, plowmen, and shepherds, and by which Vuk himself spoke and wrote.

The Serbian Cyrillic alphabet has thirty letters.

The Cyrillic graphic system is called 'azbuka', which consists of the following letters (arranged in a fixed, standard order): Аа, Б6, Вв, Гг, Дд, Ђђ, Ее, Жж, 3з, Ии, Јj, Кк, Љљ, Мм, Нн, Њњ, Оо, Пп, Рр, Сс, Тт, Ћћ, Уу, Фф, Хх, Цц, Чч, Џџ, Шш. If you want to learn Serbian Cyrillic with one of our professors, contact Learn Serbian Online and get started. In no time, you will be able to read and write Serbian Cyrillic like a native, then move on to more advanced parts of the Serbian language.



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